Ranjit Kumar , , First edition published Second edition published Reprinted , (twice), (twice). This third edition. Research Methodology, A step-by-step guide for beginners. Pages · · MB · 33, BKZX8FK EBOK Kumar, Dr Ranjit BKZX8FK EBOK. Research methodology: A step-by-step guide for beginners Guide for Beginners Adsense Author:Dr Ranjit Kumar Format:Paperback Publish ate
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration Required]|
Course Syllabus: URP Planning Research Design Create a study design and data collection methodology appropriate to the Kumar, Ranjit. content/ uploads//08/softliromaspi.ml) for more information. Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners by Ranjit Kumar. Read online. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Research methodology: a step by step guide for beginners Ranjit Kumar Research methodology: a step by step guide for.
A good design will make sure that information collected is consistent with the study objective and data are collected by accurate and economical way. Every design has its own merits and demerits but a good research design should satisfy the following four conditions. The questionnaire should be framed in such a way so that no ambiguity should be faced either to the investigator or to the respondents.
Example Any questionnaire constructed for measuring intelligence should measure only intelligence and nothing else. Validity will be discuss later on. This is very important part in any research design reliability will be discussed in details later on. This is only possible if it has appropriate design related to the problem. This also requires that the selection procedure and statistical techniques of the data analysis must be appropriate.
Basic Issues of a Research Design There are three basic issues of a research design: i Type of investigations a Causal When the researcher wants to describe the cause of the problem, then the 5 study is called a causal study.
For example the fear of earth -quake predicted in some area was an instrumental in obtaining insurance. Does smoking cause cancer is an other example of causal study. Are smoking, drinking and chewing tobacco associated with cancer?
The real state business will be influenced by the prediction of an earthquake are examples of Correlational study.
In such cases extensive work needs to be done to gain familiarity with the phenomena relating to the situation i. A manager of a firm is interested whether the work ethic values of the employees of his firm are different in Pakistan than those of in Europe.
A bank manager wants to have a profile of the individuals who have loan payments outstanding. This information might help him to make decision regarding their cases. A marketing manager would like to know if the sales of the company will increase if he doubles the advertisement. Here the manager wants to know the nature of relationship between sale and advertisement, or more men then women are unbelievers, or working in the night shift as opposed to the day shift is associated to whether or not one is married.
More women than men are interested in having more children Study Setting There are two types of study setting i contrived and ii non-contrived. Correlational studies are conducted in non-contrived settings.
A bank manager would like to detect the cause effect relationship between interest rate and saving inclinations of clients. Usually causal studies are done in contrived laboratory settings. In cross sectional study data are collected at one time whereas in longitudinal study, data are collected over a period of time. Whom to observe? How to observe? Why to observe? How to record the observation? How to analyze the observation? What inferences can be drawn? In doing so he proceeds step by step in the following order: i Title of the Investigation or research The title of any research project should be: ii as brief as possible.
Should be in generalized terms. Purpose of the Study A brief mention of the importance of the area of research in the present context of social life should be attempted highlighting the main purpose that prompted the investigator to take up the recent study.
Critical Study of the Previous Research Instead of only reviewing previous studies for the sake of doing it; critical approach of previous studies is more meaningful and useful by doing so he may be able to: know about the different areas covered by various researchers in the field of investigation in which the investigator is interested.
Scope of the investigation The scope of any investigation is dependent on several factors such as the time and money available to the investigator, availability of the sample, accessibility of the investigator to the respondents, the amount of time the respondents can spare for the investigator etc.
Objectives of the Study The investigator will spell out the objectives of the present study in the form of statements and while doing so, he takes care that the objectives mentioned are well within the scope of the investigation. Conceptualization of the Different Terms Used in the Investigation The research or should be clear about the meaning of every term he uses.
It not only helps him but also the other investigators respondents and reader of the research report in understanding the different terms without any ambiguity. McGuigan has defined hypothesis as a testable statement of a potential relationship between two or more variables will be discussed later on. Selection of the Sample It is needless to say that no investigator can study the entire population and hence selects a few individuals belonging to a population for the purpose of his investigation.
These selected individuals form a sample Data Collection x xi The investigator should now find questionnaire for collecting the data needed by the hypotheses. Besides using the instruments, like questionnaires, interview schedules, projective techniques, attitude scales etc, the investigator may adopt other methods like observation, examination of records and so forth for data collection.
Each of these various methods has its own advantages and limitations. There are three basic data collection approaches in business or market research. Survey Research is a useful technique to collect primary data. These informations are collected by various methods such as by telephone, through postal service, through personal interview etc.
This is known as internal secondary data. Data generated by sources outside the organization such as Govt. Testing the Reliability of Data Various approaches may be used in order to test the reliability of data will be discussed later on. Each table should be given a suitable heading and followed by a discussion. Recently it has become a practice to give all the tables in a serial order towards the end.
The basic outlines of the 10 analysis should be chalked out depending on the nature of the data and the information required by the hypothesis. The investigator should be able to give directions to the future researchers from the insights he has gained during the investigation. The investigator can select any method he like but should follow the same procedure throughout.
The following order is usually observed by a large number of investigators while reporting the reference.
Some investigators arrange all the references according to the ascending order of years of publication. Sometimes the year is given towards the end of the references. Usually it is indicated as follows-pp. This means the investigator has referred to pages from 20 to 30 in that journal or book and for large numbers, the common practice is to represent the second number with only two digits, if it is within the same hundred, e.
United Nations suggested the guidelines,. The steps are given as: Objectives: A clear indication must be given of the purpose of the research and the ways in which the results are to be utilized. Scope: An exact description of the scope of the research should be included Subject Coverage: A detailed descriptions should be given of the items of information collected for the research, if some of the items related to this research are not included reason must be given.
In simple language define your variables. Method of data Collection: Method of data collection and difficulties should be clearly mentioned. Find it here! Find research step step in your town now! Get fast local results in your town NOW! Today best deals in America for Research Step Step!
Random Recommend http: Dr Ranjit Kumar Language: English Pages: Sage Publications Ltd Size: To Since Width: As with the first, the Second Edition of Research M ethodology is designed specifically for students with no previous experience or knowledge of research and research methodology. New to this edition: This gives a comprehensive and concise discussion of the two major research types; - the chapter on Research Methodology and Practice Evaluation contains 11 new figures and one new table for enhanced visual learning and analysis.
Rousseau And Revolution Part 1 Of 3 This clear and concise text links theory with eight practical steps central to any research process. It focuses on developing research skills by providing practical examples from both qualitative and quantitative research for a balanced and comprehensive grounding in research methodology.
Book Details Summary: The title of this book is Research Methodology: This edition of Research Methodology: There are pages in the book and it was published by Sage Publications Ltd. Being In Balance: