Pocket Atlas of Radiographic Positioning, 2nd Edition. The Bookshelf Direct Diagnosis in Radiology: Cardiac Imaging Claussen CD, Miller S, Fenchel M, Kramer. Supine position. Atlas and odontoid process, AP. Head flexed until upper teeth ( occlusal plane) and occipital bone are superimposed (head elevated 15° with. Pocket atlas of radiographic anatomy / Torsten B. Moeller, Emil Reif.—2nd ed. Findings in Radiology and Pocket Atlas of Radiographic Positioning. Our in-.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Hindi|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration Required]|
WEB—This is a Web exclusive article. By Torsten B. Moeller and Emil Reif, translated by Horst N. Bertram and Michael Robertson. New York, NY: Thieme Verlag. Pocket atlas of radiographic positioning Thieme Publishing Group, Stuttgart, New York, 2nd edition, pages, paperback. ISBN Luigi. Findings in Radiology and Pocket Atlas of Radiographic Positioning. Our in- tention in this is to present clearly and concisely each respective chapter of.
The sizes of the muzzle have different names. Dogs with medium muzzles, such as the German Shepherd Dog, are called mesocephalic and dogs with a pushed in muzzle, such as the Pug, are called brachycephalic. Dwarfism has affected the proportions of some breeds' skeletons, as in the Basset Hound.
All dogs and all living Canidae have a ligament connecting the spinous process of their first thoracic or chest vertebra to the back of the axis bone second cervical or neck bone , which supports the weight of the head without active muscle exertion, thus saving energy.
They walk on four toes, front and back, and have vestigial dewclaws on their front legs and on their rear legs.
When a dog has extra dewclaws in addition to the usual one in the rear, the dog is said to be "double dewclawed. Dogs are highly variable in height and weight. The smallest known adult dog was a Yorkshire Terrier that stood only 6. The largest known adult dog was an English Mastiff which weighed The study found a regulatory sequence next to the gene Insulin-like growth factor 1 IGF1 and together with the gene and regulatory sequence "is a major contributor to body size in all small dogs.
Domestic dogs often display the remnants of countershading, a common natural camouflage pattern. The general theory of countershading is that an animal that is lit from above will appear lighter on its upper half and darker on its lower half where it will usually be in its own shade. A counter shaded animal will have dark coloring on its upper surfaces and light coloring below. One reminder of this pattern is that many breeds will have the occasional "blaze", stripe, or "star" of white fur on their chest or undersides.
One version produces yellow dogs and a mutation produces black. All dog coat colors are modifications of black or yellow.
Modern dog breeds exhibit a diverse array of fur coats, including dogs without fur, such as the Mexican Hairless Dog. Dog coats vary in texture, color, and markings, and a specialized vocabulary has evolved to describe each characteristic. In some breeds, the tail is traditionally docked to avoid injuries especially for hunting dogs. Footpad[ edit ] Dogs can stand, walk and run on snow and ice for long periods of time.
When a dog's footpad is exposed to the cold, heat loss is prevented by an adaptation of the blood system that recirculates heat back into the body. It brings blood from the skin surface and retains warm blood in the pad surface. However, in many dogs, the dewclaws never make contact with the ground. In this case, the dewclaw's nail never wears away and it is then often trimmed to keep it to a safe length. The dewclaws are not dead appendages. They can be used to lightly grip bones and other items that dogs hold with their paws.
However, in some dogs, these claws may not appear to be connected to the leg at all except by a flap of skin. The MRI and CT chapters are new in the second edition, and the chapter on mammography has been expanded.
The book was originally written in German and has been translated to English. Some of the wording is unusual, and several projection names and positioning methods are unfamiliar eg, the Clementschitsch method for the mandible, the Altschul method for the petrous ridges. Positioning instructions also use terms and abbreviations not commonly used in the United States.
This term is both unfamiliar and imprecise. Additional editing to replace the awkward translations is desirable. Despite translation and terminology issues, the text is well organized, with all information for each position concisely presented. The images chosen for the routine radiographic studies are well positioned, and superimposed lines have been drawn to help identify pertinent anatomy.
That is really something, I think, because these reasons have a cumulative effect as well. The book is extremely portable and could fit in a lab coat pocket or bag quite easily.
Its sections are very well organized and seem to represent an optimal mix of depth, breadth, and efficiency. The organization of the individual sections is also optimized at least to me , with a combination of technical and clinical information that is well decorated supplanted, if you will with figures that include a wide variety of radiographic images, including three-dimensional renditions.
Some of the illustrations are in color, and there are many helpful illustrations. Moreover, I surmise that this text would be useful to radiologists at all levels of training and practice presuming that they either perform cardiac imaging or would like to do so. There are also some fantastic graphs in the book, many of which can be found in the appendices.
One subtle but potentially quite useful addition to this book is the detailed section listing abbreviations; in these days of acronym after acronym, it is nice to have a section like this. Maybe it is also that some of the images were so good that it was surprising shocking in some cases, at least to me that by internal comparison, others were not as outstanding.
Otherwise, I very much enjoyed this book. Medical Students: New York: The book covers conventional imaging of the skull, spine, upper and lower extremities, chest, abdomen, breasts, and gastrointestinal tract.
Angiographic exams, interventional exams, computed tomography CT , and magnetic resonance imaging MRI are also included. The MRI and CT chapters are new in the second edition, and the chapter on mammography has been expanded.